According to a study, 1 in 10 Indians suffer from Thyroid disorder. But unfortunately, awareness among people about this disease is very low. Today through this article on herbalwish.Com my effort will be to understand this disease in simple language and if there are symptoms of thyroid, then it should be treated at the right time. So let’s know that:
What is thyroid?
Chemical reactions occurring in the body which are necessary for our life.
What are thyroid problems?
The hormones produced from Thyroid Gland affect all metabolic processes that occur in the body. It’s disorders can range from minor illness like goitre to life-threatening cancer. But the most common thyroid problem is the lack of proper production of thyroid hormones. There are two types of problems in this:
Hyperthyroidism (hyperthyroidism / hyperthyroidism):
excess hormones are produced
Hypothyroidism (hypothyroidism / hypothyroidism):
production of less than necessary hormones
These problems can cause many problems, but if properly diagnosed and treated, they can be managed well.
Hyperthyroidism (Overactive Thyroid):
Sometimes doctors also call Hyperthyroidism as overactive thyroid.
The hormones released from the thyroid gland affect almost all parts of the body, skin, brain, muscles, nothing is untouched by it. Their most important thing is to control the energy being used by the body, which we know as metabolism. How the heart beats in this, how the temperature of the body is controlled and how we burn our calories; It is all included.Women are 5 to 10 times more likely to have hyperthyroidism than men.
Causes of hyperthyroidism:
1. Graves’ disease / Graves disease
It is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. This is a type of autoimmune condition in which the immune system of our body creates an antibody which causes the thyroid gland to release more thyroid hormone in more quantity. If one person in the family has this disease then other people may also have problems. Usually this problem occurs to younger women.
2. Thyroiditis / Thyroiditis:
Thyroid inflammation is known as thyroiditis. In thyroiditis, a virus or a problem in the immune system causes the thyroid gland to become swollen and to leak hormones into the bloodstream.
Thyroiditis can be of several types:
Subacute / Subacute.
Thyroiditis that occurs suddenly for some unknown reason, which is cured on its own after a few months.
Postpartum / Postpartum.
This type of Thyroiditis affects women after pregnancy. After the birth of a child, 1-2 out of 10 women have this problem. Usually this problem persists for one to two months and after that, the problem of hypothyroidism arises for a few months. But the good thing is that after some time the it’s returns to normal in most cases.
Silent / silent.
It is similar to postpartum thyroiditis but has nothing to do with pregnancy.
3. Thyroid nodule / thyroid nodule:
In this problem, one or more lumps or nodules grow in the thyroid gland, which increases the activity of the gland and causes more thyroid hormone to be released in your blood.
4. Excess iodine / iodine sufficiency:
If you consume iodine in excess, then the problem of hyperthyroidism can also arise.
Actually, our body uses iodine to make thyroid hormone and when it starts getting more and more than the hormone also becomes more and it becomes a problem.
5. Thyroid Medications and Therapy:
Hyperthyroidism can also be caused by taking too much thyroid hormone medication. If you are undergoing treatment for hypothyroidism, never take an extra dose of medicine without asking a doctor, even if you have forgotten to take the medicine before.
Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism:
Often the symptoms of hyperthyroidism are not very clear and are similar to other diseases. If you have a very mild form of hyperthyroidism then you may not see any symptoms. But when this problem happens, then you have trouble in doing daily things.
It’s Symptoms – In most patients of GoitreLakshanHyperthyroidism, the thyroid becomes enlarged.Which we also call goitre or goitre. In such a situation, you feel a lump in the front part of the throat.
In addition, these symptoms of hyperthyroidism may be:
– Anxiety, nervousness and irritability.
– Weight loss despite increased appetite.
– Increase the frequency of bowel movement and loose stool.
– Sleep problems.
– Having double vision problems.
– Eye drops.
– Hair problems such as breakage, thinning and loss.
– Heart beat being irregular, especially among older people.
– Changes in the menstrual cycle, including mild bleeding and decreased frequency of periods.
– Muscle weakness, especially in the thighs and upper arms.
– Rapid fingernails.
– Trembling hands.
– to sweat.
– Skin thinning.
– Many times when we read something, we feel that we are having the same problem, but often our suspicion goes wrong. So it would be better if you meet the doctor to make sure that you have this problem or not?
How is hyperthyroidism diagnosed? / Hyperthyroidism Diagnosis?
It can be found by these tests:
– Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) blood test.
– Thyroid ultrasound.
– Radioactive iodine uptake test.
– Thyroid scan.
Hyperthyroidism Treatment / Hyperthyroidism Treatment:
Hyperthyroidism is treated by looking at your age, health, and severity of symptoms and the real cause of overactive thyroid.
The doctor can give you treatment in these ways:-
It contains drugs such as propylthiouracil (PTU) and methimazole (Tapazole), which prevent the thyroid gland from producing new hormones. However, it may have some side effects.
Radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment by radioactive iodine
This is the most common method of teat hypothyroidism in America. In this, the patient is given RAI in the form of a medicine pill that reduces or stops the process of thyroid hormone formation. Side effects of this treatment can cause a person to have hypothyroidism, but it should not be disturbed because it is much easier to control hypothyroidism than hyperthyroidism. This treatment cannot be given to pregnant women.
Treatment by surgery:
Complete or part of thyroid removal by surgery, known as thyroidectomy. In this method also the person has to treat the rest of life underactive thyroid.
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They are used to reduce heart rate. There is no decrease in thyroid hormone levels but heart rate is corrected.
Complications caused by hyperthyroidism:
– If you have hyperthyroidism, it is very important to treat it properly. Failure to do so can lead to serious and fatal problems.
– The major complications associated with hyperthyroidism are:
– Irregular heart rhythm (atrial fibrillation) irregular heart rate.
– Heart failure.
– Osteoporosis and bone breakdown (hyperthyroidism causes calcium to dissipate faster than bones).
– Rapid deterioration of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism is called Thyrotoxic crisis and it is very important to get it treated immediately.
It may cause the following symptoms:
– Be confused.
– Loss of awareness.
– Be restless.
– Pulse run.
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