What is chikungunya?
Chikungunya disease treatment and home remedies Chikungunya is a viral disease that is spread by mosquito bites. It was first reported in southern Tanzania in 1952. And now the disease has spread to more than 60 countries around the world. Once spread, the disease often spreads again after 7–8 years of interval. For ex: 2010 it was spread in Delhi and it is in the news again in 2016.
How the disease was named Chikungunya?
The word “Chikungunya” is derived from the Kimakonde / Makonde language spoken in Southern Tanzania, in which it means “, folded” or “deformed”. Actually, people suffering from it have to go through terrible joint pens and in such a situation they are unable to walk properly and often bow down, which is why this disease was named Chikungunya.
How does it Spread?
When a man suffering from Chikungunya biten by a mosquito and then the same mosquito bites another man, then another person also gets Chikungunya. Female mosquitoes (Aedesaegypti and Aedesalbopictus) are the main species of mosquito that spread the disease. These mosquitoes bite during the day. A mosquito carrying its virus can infect about 1 dozen people during its lifetime. They are really dangerous. Are they?
Prevention of Chikungunya:
– Chikungunya can spread from one person to another only by mosquito bites, so avoid mosquito bites as far as possible.
– Do not allow water logging in or around the house.
– Use mosquito nets, even during the daytime!
– Burn mosquito repellents, like Good Knight, Mortein even during the day.
– Odomoss can be used while going out.
– Wear clothes that cover the maximum part of the body.
– Do not send children out for a few days.
What are the symptoms of chikungunya?
Chikungunya’s Symptoms has its initial symptoms similar to Dengue and is usually not fatal. But the joint pain caused by this can cause trouble for months. Once you have this, the body develops its immunity and it is very rare that you will have this disease again in life.
Symptoms of it appear three to seven days after the bite of infected mosquito. The following are its symptoms:
– Sudden fever (usually it resolves in 2-3 days, but other symptoms may persist for several days)
– Severe joint pain. Sometimes this pain can persist for a long time.
– Muscle aches.
– head ache.
– Small red spots on the body.
This disease can be fatal for newborns and the elderly over 65 years of age, as well as chikungunya can be dangerous for those who have high blood pressure, diabetes or heart disease.
– Friends, maybe after reading Chikungunya’s symptoms you may feel that you too have this disease. But constituting panic, it happens to many people that after reading the symptoms of a disease, they start seeing symptoms in themselves. Just be a little careful and keep yourself safe by taking preventive measures.
Some Less Common Signs / Rare Symptoms:
– Mouth ulcers.
– Mouth taste.
Difference between Chikungunya and Dengue?
Chikungunya vs dengue:
– Symptoms of chikungunya’s appear in 5-6 days. Dengue symptoms occur in 3-4 days.
– The major symptoms of chikungunya’s are high fever and joint pain. There is high fever in dengue, but joint pain is reduced, it causes pain behind the eyes.
– It is not fatal in most cases. Dengue can be fatal.
– Caused by alpha virus. Dengue is caused by viruses.
– Symptoms of chikungunya’s may persist for 3-6 months. The symptoms of dengue disappear in about 15 days.
– Platelet count does not fall in this. In dengue the platelet count comes down rapidly.
How to diagnose Chikungunya?
– The symptoms of chikungunya are similar to those of dengue and zika disease and the mosquitoes that spread these diseases also spread chikungunya.
– If you feel some of the symptoms mentioned above and you are in an area where the disease is spread, then you should consult a doctor.
– If you have come from some place where this disease is spread and you are seeing some symptoms of it inside you, then you should also see a doctor.
– Doctors write some blood tests to find out the disease, by which you will know whether you have it or not.
– If you have chikungunya, avoid mosquito bites in the first week of your illness, because during this time the Chikungunya virus can get into your blood and spread to other people than a bitten mosquito.
Suggested Tests by Doctors:
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA):
In this test, antibodies related to an infection are detected.If antibodies related to chikungunya are found, it means chikungunya.
Reverse transcriptase – polymerase chain reaction (RT – PCR):
It is done to check whether a person is suffering from chikungunya by examining DNA.
Complete blood count (CBC):
If there is a decrease in white blood cells or platelet count in this test, chikungunya or dengue is possible.
Virus Isolation Test:
This test takes 1 to 2 weeks. In this, the virus is injected into it by taking a blood sample of the patient and the changes that occur in it for a few days are seen, by which the presence of chikungunya is detected.
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